4. Strategy (Adaptive thinking)
Key Practice Specialties and Communities for Adaptive Foresight
- Analysis & Decision Support – Institute for Operations Research and the Mgmt Sciences (INFORMS). Since 1995. Advancing operations research, mgmt sciences, and data analytics. Annual Conference and Business Analytics Conference. Many Chapters. Publish thirteen journals; European Working Group on Decision Support Systems (EWG-DSS). Annual international conference on Decision Support System Technology. Modeling, expert systems, data visualization, GIS, collaborative decisionmaking and support.
- Vision/Goals/Strategy & Planning – Association for Strategic Planning (ASP). Since 1999. Advancing visioning, goalsetting, strategy and planning development and deployment for business, nonprofits, and govt. Annual Conference, certificate programs. Sixteen Chapters. Strategic planning resources; American Planning Association (APA). Since 1978. Advancing the art and science of urban and regional planning. Runs American Inst of Certified Planners. Publishes Planning magazine, Journal of the American Planning Association.
Key Strategy-Associated Practitioner Methods
A problem-oriented process of simultaneous planning, action, and fact-finding research.
Envisioning a desired state and working backwards to propose the critical steps necessary to achieve it.
Quantitative comparisons of a firm, industry, or region’s activities or performance with others.
Calculating and comparing benefits and costs of a project, decision, policy or plan of action.
Contingency Planning/Options Planning
Generating plans for outcomes and options other than the usual (expected, surprise-free) plan.
Decision Support System
IT system that aids managerial decision-making, including less-well-structured, underspecified problems.
Four-factor model with six strategist types (operators, execs, admins, entreps, pioneers, visionaries).
Five Forces Analysis
Michael Porter’s framework for industry analysis and business strategy development.
Industry and Product Roadmapping
Expert collaboration to plan science, tech., and policy actions for industry and product development.
Using long-range forecasts and alternative futuring to construct multiyear plans.
Objectives and Key Results (OKRs)
Largely bottom-up goalsetting method, pioneered by Intel in the 1970s. Refined by Google and others.
Scenario Planning and Learning
Competing scenarios developed around important future uncertainties, used for learning & planning.
Specific, Measurable, Assignable, Realistic, Time-constrained objective-setting criteria.
Planning, executing, and assessing company activities to achieve, and maintain competitive advantage.
Systematic thinking to generate actionable options, plans and competitive advantage.
Determining and coordinating actions and resource allocations in service of goals.
Assessment of the strengths, weaknesses, opportunities, threats in a given situation or environment.
Technology Readiness Analysis
Identifying and evaluating critical science and tech. regulating the development of a product or market.
Visioning (Normative Forecasting)
Leader or group creates preferable future visions (aspirational forecasts). Can be made quantitative.