Chapter 8. Methods and Frameworks – Building Adaptive Foresight Skills

Set 1. Learning Methods (Investigative thinking)

Key Adaptive Foresight Specialty Functions and Practice Communities

Other Learning-Associated Organizational Functions

Popper et al. (2007)

Popper et al. (2007)

Scanning, Research, Training, Business Intelligence, Evidence-Based Management, Learning Surveys, Triple Bottom Line Accounting, Cost Accounting, Intangibles Accounting

Learning-Associated Practitioner Methods

Argument/Belief Maps and Mind Maps
Graphical mapping of schools of thought and evidence, or differences of opinion, around a complex topic.

Benchmarking
Comparing one’s processes and performance metrics to industry and company bests (related to competitive intell.).

Causal Layered Analysis
Multi-level critical analysis (litany, causes, worldview, metaphor) of events or processes to aid learning.

Collective Intelligence
Public, open, online methods of crowd-evaluating, -comparing, and -analyzing opportunities and threats.

Competitive Intelligence
Getting, analyzing, and using intelligence about competitors’ activities, intellectual property, products, and customers.

Cost Accounting
Methods to learn the true costs of various current and potential business actions, to aid decisions.

Domain Mapping
Methods (concept maps, relevance trees, social network maps) to map an environment or prob. domain.

Ethnography
Study of the cultural litany of foresight.

Emerging Issue Identification (Weak Signals)
Identifying events (for further analysis) that may grow into potential problems or opportunities.

Environmental Scanning
Processes for finding and monitoring external news and events of potential relevance to the client organization.

Interviews
A mostly qualitative research tool for conversational information collection from human subjects.

Journaling and Diaries
Methods and software to report and self-assess your daily actions. Allows you to learn about yourself.

Knowledge Management Platforms
Methods and software to capture, map, monitor, filter, and route relevant organizational knowledge.

Leadership Development
Training and methods to develop managers into leaders in the firm’s core business functions.

Literature Review
A summary of current theoretical, methodological, or practical knowledge on a subject.

Measurement and Signals Intelligence
Knowledge gained by sensing & measuring environmental activity, and monitoring communications.

Retrofuturism (History of Foresight)
Study of the history of future litanies, models, predictions, and depictions.

Soft Systems Methodology
A method for systems modeling that uses consensus-seeking and non-quantitative approaches.

Surveys and Opinion Polling
Polling for qualitative and quantitative group data. Statistical surveys assess characteristics of a population.

Systems Thinking
Domain mapping & qualitative causal modeling of critical stocks, flows, variables in systems of interest.

Technical Intelligence
Gathering, analyzing, using intelligence about academic, business, and other actors’ R&D capabilities.

Triple Bottom Line (Sustainability) Accounting
An expanded version of business accounting that assesses social, environmental, and economic benefits.

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